Endoscopy is a procedure by which a doctor can assess the internal organs of the body.
• A flexible tube with a small camera at the end is used
• The tube is inserted into a small incision or through an opening like the mouth
• The visual from the camera is seen on a monitor to assess the internal organ
• It is used to do a biopsy to check if cells of an organ are infected, damaged or cancerous
Types of endoscopy
Arthroscopy – Used when joints are affected. The tube is inserted through a small cut close to the joint.
Bronchoscopy– Used to examine infection or growth in the lungs. The endoscopic tube will be inserted through an opening like the mouth or nose.
Colonoscopy– Used for the examination of your colon or tailbone. The tube will be inserted through the anal cavity.
Cystoscopy– Used to assess damage to the bladder. The scope will be inserted through the urethra.
Enteroscopy– Used when there is a problem with the small intestine. For this, the scope can be introduced through either the mouth or the anus.
Hysteroscopy– Used to check the inside of the uterus in women and the tube is inserted through the vagina.
Laparoscopy– Used to scan your abdominal or pelvic area. A small incision will be made close to the area and the tube will be inserted.
Laryngoscopy– used to inspect the larynx. The camera tube is inserted through the nose or mouth.
Mediastinoscopy– The area between the lungs is called mediastinun and this kind of endoscopy is the examination of that area. A small incision is made above the breastbone for the tube.
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy– Used to investigate the esophagus and upper intestinal tract. The scope is inserted through the mouth.
Ureteroscopy– Used to check the ureter in men. The tube will be put in through the urethra.