Carotid artery surgery is surgery to restore blood flow to the brain. It is a treatment for
carotid artery disease and can help prevent a stroke. Carotid artery surgery involves removing plaque buildup from the carotid arteries.
Carotid artery disease, also called carotid artery stenosis, is a narrowing of the carotid
arteries. Ther are two carotid arteries, one on each side of the neck. They are major arteries that carry blood from the heart tothe brain. Carotid artery
disease is caused by atherosclerosis, commonly called hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a buildup of plaque. Plaque is a sticky, waxy deposit of fats,
cholesterol, calcium, and fibrous material. This causes reduction in the blood flow to the brain or can sometime throw a clot into the brain. This leads to damage
to the nerve cells of the brain resulting in stroke.