Gastroesophageal reflux occurs when the esophageal sphincter does not close correctly, causing the contents of the stomach to leak back into
the food pipe. When stomach acid enters the esophagus it causes inflammation and burning sensations which are known as acid reflux. When the condition becomes
chronic and serious, it is called Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease GERD.
- GERD can occur in people of all ages and is usually the result of overeating, eating specific foods or lying down immediately after eating. It is most common among people who:
- Are overweight or obese which causes increased pressure on the abdomen.
- Are pregnant which also causes increased pressure on the abdomen.
- Are taking some types of medication, including medicines for asthma, calcium channel blockers, antihistamines, sedatives, and antidepressants.
- Are smokers or those who are exposed to second hand smoke.
- Consume alcoholic drinks.
- Do not get enough exercise.