What Is Rhinoplasty?
Rhinoplasty or nose job is a surgery done
to change the shape of the nose. This can be done to alleviate breathing
difficulties or just to change the shape of the nose for aesthetic purposes. In
some cases, it is done for both. The nose is made up of bone and cartilage
covered on top by skin. Rhinoplasty can involve changes to all the three.
Who Is a Candidate for Rhinoplasty?
A number of factors need to be considered
before a person can undergo Rhinoplasty.
- The doctor will examine the
patient’s facial features thoroughly to make sure that the surgery will not
cause any breathing difficulties.
- The doctor will want to know
about any previous surgeries that the patient may have undergone.
- The patient’s expectations from
the surgery and what is actually possible needs to be discussed in detail.
- People suffering from
haemophilia (a disease in which blood does not clot) are not advised Rhinoplasty.
What Does the Surgical Procedure
Every Rhinoplasty procedure is different.
It is tailor made according to the patient’s anatomy while also taking into
account, what the patient expects from the procedure. The procedure can use
either general anaesthesia or local anaesthesia. Any apprehensions or
preferences that the patient has, regarding this, should be discussed with the
doctor. During surgery, the bone and cartilage in the nose are modified (either
added or removed). To address breathing difficulties, a deviated nasal septum
can also be corrected.
Surgery may require hospitalization
overnight. Patients are advised to keep their head in an elevated position
after surgery to reduce bleeding. Experiencing a congested feeling in the nose
is common. Bleeding and mucous discharge can also to be expected for a few days
What Are the Safety Measures to Be
Followed After Surgery?
- Any kind of strenuous physical
activity is best avoided.
- Nose should not be blown
- Teeth should be brushed
cautiously so that it doesn’t accidentally injure the surgical site.
- Constipation can lead to
straining which could hurt the raw surgery site. Constipation can be avoided by
eating fruits and vegetables.
- Showers should be avoided till
the nose heals. A bath without a shower is advised.
- Usage of sunscreen is
- Smoking is to be strictly
avoided as it not only slows down healing but also increases the chance of
- Any medication consumed has to
be approved by the doctor.
What Can Be Expected After Surgery?
A time period of a week is usually what it
takes for a person to resume normal activities after surgery. Some swelling and
discolouration are to be expected after surgery. This usually subsides within
two to three weeks. Swelling, even if it is present for a longer duration, is
not very discernible.
What Are the Risks Involved?
Any surgery has its attendant side effects
and risks and so does rhinoplasty. The risks involved are:
- Difficulty in recovering from
- Possibility of infection after
- Breathing difficulties
- Bruising of skin
- Need for a second surgery if
the result from the first one isn’t satisfactory