What is a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)?

Transient Ischemic Attack

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a mini-stroke which only lasts for a few minutes with no permanent damage. It happens when the blood flow to the brain is briefly stopped.

What are the symptoms of Transient Ischemic Attacks?

Difficulty swallowing
Visual agnosia
Changes in vision
Impaired posture
Balance issues
Altered level of consciousness
Altered consciousness
Severe headache
Abnormal sense of taste and smell
Abnormal sense of taste and smell
Difficulty swallowing
Weakness or numbness on one part of the body
  • Blood clots
  • Hypertension
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol

That can be changed

  • High BP
  • High Cholesterol
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Diabetes
  • Excess weight
  • Smoking
  • Inactivity
  • Poor nutrition
  • Long term use of birth control pills

Things that can not be controlled

  • Age
  • Sex
  • Prior transient ischemic attack
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Race

Diagnosis of TIA is not possible on the medical event alone as it is short lived.

  • Physical examination and tests
  • Carotid ultrasonography
  • CT
  • MRI
  • MRA
  • Echocardiography
  • Arteriography
  • The doctor will recommend correcting the abnormality to prevent future incidents of strokes through medications such as antiplatelet drugs or anticoagulants
  • Surgery might be recommended if the blood vessels are too narrow.