Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body. An object penetrating the brain tissue can also cause traumatic brain injury. Mild injury may affect your brain cells temporarily. Bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage can be caused due to a serious brain injury. These can also result in long-term complications or even death. The injury can be of any type – it can either be closed, without cut or laceration of the skin or it can tear through the skin and/or penetrate into the skull.

Treatment options for Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Immediate assessment and stabilization of the airway and circulation
  • Controlling intracranial pressure with medications or hyperventilation or high-dose barbiturate therapy
  • Improving cerebral perfusion pressure
  • Decompressive craniotomies
  • Hypertonicity needs medications like dantrolene, baclofen, diazepam and tizanidine.

What are the symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury?


Loss of consciousness
Loss of consciousness for a few minutes/seconds
memory loss
Confused state, memory loss
Severe headache
Dizziness 1
Neck pain 1
Neck pain
Ringing in ears 1
Ringing in ears
Slow reflexes
Slow reflexes

Contusion & Fracture

Delayed speech blurred vision
Blurred vision
Dilated pupil
Dilated pupil
High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure
Low pulse rate
Low pulse rate
Trouble with speech
Slurred speech
Severe headache
Weakness 4
Weakness or numbness in arms and legs
Abnormal breathing
Abnormal breathing
Unusual finger movements
Language and speech problems
Skull deformity
Skull deformity
Bruising around the eyes or behind the ear
Clear fluid leaking from ear
Clear fluid leaking from the nose or ear

Infant’s Injury

  • Falls
  • Vehicular collisions
  • Sports injuries
  • Explosive blasts or combat injuries
  • Violence
  • Patient condition
  • Physical and diagnostic findings