Types of Pleural Diseases

Pleural diseases can be broadly classified according to the triggering disease process:

  • Pneumothorax – Accumulation of air in the pleural space.
  • Hemothorax – Accumulation of blood in the pleural space.
  • Empyema/Parapneumonic effusion: Accumulation of pus/infected fluid in the pleural space.
  • Pleural effusion – Any fluid accumulation in the pleural space due to systemic disease. Pleurisy – an inflammation of the pleura without much fluid formation/accumulation; this presents with sharp pains while breathing.