The pancreas is shaped like an inverted comma and sits in the upper abdomen, behind the stomach. It has two major functions - the production of enzymes that help in the digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates and synthesizing hormones such as insulin which is essential for the control of sugar in the metabolism.
What Is Pancreatitis?
When the pancreas becomes inflamed the condition is known as pancreatitis. In severe cases, it may result in the enzymes the organ produces causing it to digest itself. Pancreatitis appears in two forms - acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis.
What Is Pancreatitis? can take two forms. Milder forms of the condition involve only a part of the organ and the complications are limited. In the severe form, the cells of the organ may die leading to major complications and even death.
Chronic Pancreatitis when the organ itself becomes inflamed leading to progressive irreversible changes in the functioning of the pancreas with reduced endocrine and exocrine functions which in turn have a negative impact on the functions of other systems of the body. The major effect of this condition is the negative impact it has on the digestion of fat and increased insulin and glucagon production. In combination, these two complications may result in the development of diabetes.