Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment Chennai - Vascular Surgery Chennai - Kauvery Hospital
Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment

Peripheral artery disease is a condition of the blood vessels that leads to narrowing and hardening of the arteries that supply the legs and feet. The narrowing of the blood vessels leads to decreased blood flow, which can injure nerves and other tissues.

Peripheral artery disease is caused by arteriosclerosis, or "hardening of arteries." This problem occurs when fatty material (plaque) builds up on the walls of the arteries. This causes the arteries to become narrower. The walls of the arteries also become stiffer and cannot widen (dilate) to allow greater blood flow when needed.
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Majority of the blocks can be diagnosed by simple clinical examination- inability to feel the pulses in the foot.

Arterial blocks can be diagnosed by color Doppler a noninvasive painless method.

Angiogram provides a road map of the arterial tree and it helps to plan the method of treatment.

It is important for the high risk population namely smokers, those with diabetes, high blood pressure,and high cholesterol to have periodic check up of the vascular system to pick up vascular blocks early so that corrective measures can be taken before complications set in.

Medical: All patients with mild blocks can be treated medically.

Stopping smoking and all forms of tobacco is the most important step towards recovery. Regular exercises and walking helps improve blood flow and control sugar and cholesterol. Proper footwear and footcare Blood thinners like aspirin, clopidogrel Control of risk factors like sugar, blood pressure and those who have advanced blocks presenting with gangrene or severe pain require intervention. If the block is long bypass surgery can be done. Most often patients own vein is used for the leg bypasses. Artificial grafts can be used if the vein is not available.

Medical: All patients with mild blocks can be treated medically.

Stopping smoking and all forms of tobacco is the most important step towards recovery. Regular exercises and walking helps improve blood flow and control sugar and cholesterol. Those who have advanced blocks presenting with gangrene or severe pain require intervention. If the block is long bypass surgery can be done. Most often patients own vein is used for the leg bypasses. Artificial grafts can be used if the vein is not available.

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