The pain that is caused by sensitive teeth can make enjoying a nice meal or beverage almost impossible. Knowing the causes can help you to avoid this problem and if it exists, learn how to control the damage. Typically, the fact that one's teeth are sensitive becomes apparent when drinking a cup of tea or coffee or cold water or eating ice cream causes a sharp pain in the teeth. Even eating hot or cold foods or just inhaling cold air through the mouth can cause the pain.
At the core of each tooth is a tissue called dentin which is very sensitive to any extreme temperature. It is covered and protected by a coating of enamel which insulates it from these temperature variations and changes. If the enamel decays, is damaged or wears off, the dentin is then exposed and this results in sharp and often extreme pain. The common causes for the loss of enamel include: