What is a weight loss surgery?
Bariatric or weight loss surgery is performed to help extremely obese patients lose weight. There are several types of weight loss surgeries and the type the doctor decides on for you will depend on a number of factors. Weight loss surgery focuses on limiting the amount of food you consume and absorb by reducing the size of the stomach.
Types of weight loss surgeries and effects
The procedure for a weight loss surgery involves binding the stomach area so that the amount of food that it can hold becomes less. The intestine may also be shortened and this prevents absorption of broken down food molecules.
The common types of weight-loss surgery are:
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
- Sleeve gastrectomy
- Duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion
How safe are bariatric surgeries?
Doctors don’t take bariatric surgeries lightly. They will be suggested only if the patient’s weight causes them to be at risk for illnesses. Most often, doctors will suggest a laproscopic bariatric surgery since it is minimally invasive. The actual procedure doesn’t take very long and the patient usually needs to stay in the hospital for only a couple of days.
In the long run, the benefits of weight loss surgery are many.
- It helps in long-term weight loss.
- Prevents excess weight gain
- Reduces the risk of obesity-related diseases
- Increases the life span of the patient
- Improves the quality of life
- Improves mental health
Bariatric surgery is the safest option available if you are morbidly obese and suffer from life-threatening illnesses due to your weight, and if all your attempts at losing weight have not worked. But, if you do decide to take this step towards bettering your quality of life, do your research and pick an experienced doctor and hospital. Talk to the doctor, get your questions and doubts answered and make sure that you are comfortable with your decision. Remember, this surgery is NOT for people who can reduce their weight by healthy eating and exercising.