The inflammation and swelling of the sinus is called as sinusitis. This is characterized by germ growth and obstruction of the nasal passage.
- Sinusitis is generally caused by common cold, some forms of allergies or any nodules that grow in the nasal cavity.
- In children, it could be caused by pacifiers, allergies to a feeding bottle, smoke in the environment etc.
- Acute sinusitis can last for 2-4 weeks, subcutaneous sinusitis lasts for 4-12 weeks and chronic sinusitis can last for more than 12 weeks.
- Sinusitis can affect several different sinuses at a time and cause pain below or above the eyes or behind the nose.
- A yellowish-green discharge will come out of the infected sinuses and you need to blow your nose often.
- You may also experience difficulty in breathing due to the nasal congestion and your smelling and tasting will be affected.
Here are a few ways to treat and prevent sinusitis:
- Treatment may include usage of saline nasal drops that should be used for no more than three days.
- Antibiotics may also be prescribed that should be taken for a few days even after the sinuses get cleared.
- Stay away from chemicals and cigarette smoke if that irritates your nose.
- Wash your hands regularly to avoid bacterial or fungal infection.
- Do not give your children antihistamines or nasal sprays if they are under 2.