veins are enlarged veins in the legs that
twist and turn. They are raised up and thus are visible through the legs of
those affected by it. The various factors that lead to this problem are:
for long periods of time on a regular basis
influences during menopause and pregnancy
history of blood clotting
Varicose veins are more common in women
than in men. Symptoms may include but are not limited to pain and cramping in
the legs. Excessive lethargy, heaviness
or numbness in legs and throbbing in the legs are the other symptoms.
They can be diagnosed after a physical
examination by a doctor and an ultrasonic test taken with the help of a
transducer to check for valve functioning and blood clot formation.
Varicose veins can be self-treated with
the help of a combination of self-care (which includes eating well, exercising
and losing weight to reduce pressure on the legs) and devices like elastic
bandages and compression stockings. But these methods can take time. Patients
who suffer from severe pain and want to get relief from it quickly or those who
just want their legs to look aesthetically pleasing may want to resort to
medical procedures. These medical procedures take relatively lesser time and
can give the intended relief quickly. One of the procedures that can fix
varicose veins is sclerotherapy.
– An Overview
Often considered as the treatment of
choice for varicose and spider veins, sclerotherapy involves injecting a
solution directly into the veins. The solution used causes the veins to narrow,
forcing the blood into healthier veins. The collapsed vein eventually fades
after getting reabsorbed into the local tissue.
After sclerotherapy, the treated veins may
fade over a period of several weeks to a month and if the desired results are
not obtained, the procedure can be performed again.
However, pregnant and breastfeeding women
are advised to postpone treatment. It is mainly done for cosmetic purposes, but
can also act to relieve aching, swelling, burning and night cramps.
The injection used during sclerotherapy,
while relatively safe, can have some side effects. Do keep in mind that some
side effects can lead to serious complications. Temporary side effects at the
site of injection may include:
sores on the skin
lines or spots on the skin
tiny red blood vessels
While they may look alarming, these side
effects are temporary and usually disappear in a matter of weeks. Some may take
While the above side effects are not
something to worry about, do seek medical attention if you observe any of the
- Inflammation: Redness,
swelling and pain around the area of injection. These can be treated with over
the counter pain relievers to reduce inflammation.
- Blood Clot: A
blood clot that may have formed may require drainage from the veins. A serious
complication may arise if the clot travels to a deeper vein in the leg. It may
lead to pulmonary embolism, wherein a clot travels through the vein and blocks
vital arteries. Consult a doctor immediately if you experience chest pain,
dizziness or if you cough up blood.
- Air Bubbles: Air
bubbles may arise after the injection. They may lead to symptoms like
dizziness, headaches and visual disturbances. Consult
a doctor if you experience them.
You may experience an allergic reaction to the injected solution. This is
uncommon but a possibility nevertheless.