Clinical breast examination is when assessment is done by a healthcare professional. It helps detect early changes in the breast which may indicate an
underlying disease. It is recommended from the age of 25 years up to 39 years. Following 39 years of age, it is recommended along with a screening mammogram.
A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast. It is taken in two views and is done for both breasts at the same time.
Screening mammogram is advised from the age of 40 years up to the age of 75 years. It is recommended once in 2 years.
Screening is best carried out at one centre, as the follow up with your mammogram images are made easy and more reliable.
For those, at high risk for
breast cancer (those with a strong family history), screening mammograms are recommended on a yearly basis.
specialist to know what risk category you are at.
If you are a premenopausal woman, plan your mammogram after your period when your breast is less tender so the procedure is less uncomfortable.
MRI of the breast is more sensitive and is recommended in women below the age of 40 years as a screening and diagnostic tool for all age groups.
MRI breast is recommended as a screening tool for women at high risk for breast cancer (those with strong family history), under the age of 40 years and over the age of 25 years as a mammogram is less sensitive in this age group. It is advised to be done once a year in the high risk group.