Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic condition that leads to high blood sugar. Insulin moves sugar from the blood into the cells to be stored/used for energy.

With diabetes, your body either

  • doesn’t produce enough insulin or
  • can’t effectively use the insulin it does produce.

Types of Diabetes

Different Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

  • It is an autoimmune disease.
  • The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is produced.

Type 2 Diabetes

  • When the body becomes resistant to insulin, sugar builds up in your blood leading to this condition.

Prediabetes

  • When blood sugar is higher than normal, however, it is not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
  • It is considered the stage before Diabetes and hence, prediabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

 

 

Risk Factors

Type 1 Diabetes

  • You are likely to get this as a teenager or a child, or you have a parent or sibling with this condition.

Type 2 Diabetes

  • Overweight
  • Genetics
  • Physically active
  • Previously diagnosed with gestational diabetes
  • Prediabetes
  • High blood pressure, high cholesterol, or high triglycerides
  • Call for Diabetes Doubts – 88802 88802

Gestational Diabetes

  • Overweight
  • Over 25 years old
  • Had gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy
  • Have given birth to a baby weighing more than 4 kgs
  • A family history of type 2 diabetes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

 

 

Book an Appointment

    Diabetes-related Complications

    • A severe complication of type 1 and type 2 Diabetes. It is a type of nerve damage caused by long-term high blood sugar levels.
    • If you have diabetes and notice numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in your hands or feet, you should see your doctor.
    • This could further lead to diabetic foot and ulcerations, which could become a serious condition on its own if left untreated.

    A type of progressive kidney disease that could occur in people who have diabetes. It affects people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and the risk increases with the duration of the disease and other risk factors like high blood pressure and a family history of kidney disease.

    • A condition that occurs as a result of damage to the blood vessels of the retina in diabetic patients.
    • It can develop if you have type 1 or 2 diabetes and a long history of uncontrolled high blood sugar levels.
    • What may start off as mild vision problems, could be a serious condition if left untreated.

    Symptoms of Diabetes

    Increased hunger
    Increased hunger
    Increased thirst
    Increased thirst
    Weight loss
    Weight loss
    Frequent urination
    Frequent urination
    Delayed speech blurred vision
    Blurry vision
    Extreme fatigue
    Extreme fatigue
    Sores that take long to heal
    Sores that take long to heal