Fire Accident - Emergency Procedures

Types of fire accidents

  • Kitchen accidents like burns from hot liquids, steam, hot oil, gas explosions
  • Fire due to faulty appliances from heaters, irons, faulty wiring etc.
  • Smoking - related fires
  • Burns due to chemicals, radiation and electric current
  • Categories of burns
  • The category of a burn depends on the severity of tissue damage.

1. First degree burns symptoms

  • They are superficial
  • There may be swelling, redness, pain
  • There may be small blisters
  • Appearance of white skin around the burn area

Emergency response

  • Remove clothing from around the affected area
  • Pour cold water over affected area till burning subsides (this reduces the chance of blisters)
  • Pat dry and apply a topical antibiotic prescribed for burns (do not rub dry-you could peel away skin)
  • It is better to see a doctor and get the wounds checked and to take a tetanus vaccination

2. Second degree burns symptoms

  • The burned area stretched to the dermis
  • There may be swelling, redness and pain
  • Large blisters may form, which may ooze liquid
  • There could be scarring and tightening of skin
  • Dehydration may occur
  • Movement may be restricted if it is around a joint

Emergency response

  • Remove clothing from around the affected area
  • Keep the area dry/ use sterile cotton to avoid infection
  • Keep the burnt area raised to avoid swelling
  • Keep the injured hydrated
  • Take the injured to the emergency care in a hospital immediately or call for an ambulance

3. Third degree burns symptoms

  • The damage goes through all three layers of skin
  • Nerve endings may get damaged causing lack of pain
  • Will not turn white and there will be no blisters
  • Skin may be discolored and becomes leathery
  • Injured could go into shock
  • Dehydration may occur

Emergency response

  • Do not move the injured
  • Do not give the injured anything to eat or drink
  • Do not try to remove clothing. You may inadvertently remove skin
  • Call a hospital ambulance as the injured may need emergency assistance on the way to the hospital
  • Take the victim's medical records and inform the doctor of the precise nature of the accident

Tips to prevent fire accidents

  • Get your gas cylinder checked when it is delivered and get the pipeline checked regularly
  • Get the wiring in your home checked in case of water damage or leaks
  • Make sure your appliances are working properly
  • Stop smoking or be careful with smoking accessories


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