in children are usually nothing too serious and are mostly caused by the same
reasons as headaches in adults. The headaches can be of any type like stress-related
headaches, migraines and chronic headaches.
But, it is important to consult a doctor if
the symptoms don’t fade and increase or become unbearable. Headaches can have
serious consequences if they are the result of infections, minor head trauma or
high anxiety levels. Usually treatable with over the counter pain killer
medication, headaches can decrease in frequency drastically if a good sleep
schedule is established in children.
Symptoms for headaches in children are quite similar to those in adults but are generally
less intense. One must also keep in mind that their detection also becomes
relatively difficult if the patient is young and unable to describe the pain.
The symptoms of the various types
of headaches in children are listed below:
- Migraines are indicated by a dull,
throbbing pain in the inside of the head. It increases with exertion and can
become increasingly unbearable. It is often accompanied by increased
sensitivity to light and sound. Migraines
can affect infants too. If an infant isn’t able to communicate clearly, but
grabs one side of the head in pain, it may be safe to infer that the child is
suffering from migraine.
- Tension headaches can cause neck muscles
to tighten in children with non-pulsating pain that is worsened by physical
activity. Tension headaches can last anywhere from half an hour to a day.
- Cluster headaches are very uncommon in children
and involve sharp stabbing pain in one side of the head that is quite unendurable.
- Chronic daily headaches can be caused by
minor head trauma, infections or unmonitored use of over the counter pain
medication. Be sure to consult a doctor if things get unmanageable.
You should consult a doctor if your child’s
headaches become painful enough to awaken him/her from sleep, follow a head
injury or are accompanied by fever, stiffness and/or vomiting.
infections and infections related to flu are some of the most common reasons
for headaches in children.
Injuries: If the headache starts after a head
injury, it may be due to internal trauma or a concussion. Do not take bumps on
the head lightly and be sure to consult
a doctor for the same.
Factors: Issues related to tension and anxiety in
children pertaining to peers and/or parents can cause headaches too. Be sure to
put them at ease so as to relieve them emotionally as well as physiologically.
and Beverages: Excessive caffeine consumption and
ingestion of additives like monosodium glutamate (MSG) can trigger headaches in
children. Be sure you monitor what they eat regularly.
If not due to head injuries and other
serious complications, headaches are relatively easy to treat. Over the counter
pain medications are considered safe for children and can work wonders
Also, if children are anxious or stressed
out, make sure that they are provided with appropriate psychological
counseling for emotional management.
Headaches can also be easily prevented with
a fixed and proper sleep schedule, which limits screen exposure before bed.
This disturbance in sleep cycles is one of the main reasons for headaches in
children (especially teens).