Is there blood in your urine? Find out why!
kidney makes urine by filtration of blood. This passes through to the ureters
and then to the bladder where it is stored till the bladder gets full. When a
person gets the urge to urinate, the urine passes through to the urethra and is
is rather alarming to spot blood in your urine. It is usually a symptom of an
underlying illness which may be serious or not. When there is blood in urine,
the condition is called hematuria. Though there is no treatment for hematuria
by itself, the condition causing it can be detected, diagnosed and treated.
Causes of hematuria
the cause of blood in the urine can be something non-alarming like:-
- Vigorous exercise
- Viral infection
- Injury to the kidneys
sometimes, it could be the symptom of a much larger problem. Some common causes
for concern include:-
- Kidney infections
- Bladder infections
- Kidney disease
- Enlarged prostate
- Certain medications
- Tumour in one of the urinary
Symptoms of hematuria
is pretty easy to detect as urine that should be a pale yellow may have a
pinkish or reddish hue. If it is noticeable to the naked eye, it is called gross
hematuria. Sometimes, the signs of hematuria may be detected in the laboratory
when a urine sample is given for testing. You may be completely unaware that
you have blood in the urine. This is called microscopic hematuria.
may be other symptoms that accompany hematuria depending on what the underlying
- If the underlying cause is a
bladder infection, there may be burning or pain when urinating.
- If the cause is a kidney
infection, symptoms may include high fever, pain in the lower back and chills.
- Kidney stones could cause
pelvic pain or abdominal
pain. There may be water retention, swelling
and puffy eyes.
How is hematuria diagnosed?
doctor will assess your medical history, followed by urinalysis and urine
cytology. Blood tests could alert your doctor to signs of kidney
disease. Additional imaging tests that will be
done could include:-
- A CT scan
- Ultrasound of the kidneys
- Intravenous pyelogram (X-ray
using a dye)
- Cystoscopy (A small tube
with a camera is inserted through the urethra to get tissue samples from the
bladder to test for malignancy)
- Renal biopsy (Small tissue
sample from the kidney is removed through a laproscopic procedure to test for
Treatment of hematuria
The patient will be treated for the underlying
cause of hematuria. Once the underlying condition has been treated, a
urinalysis will be redone to check for blood cells in the urine. If you still
have blood in the urine, you may be referred to a urologist. If there is no underlying cause, you may be
asked to do a follow up urine test to check if blood is still present in the