Cranial gunshot wounds are treated aggressively upon arrival at the emergency room. 90% of the victims of a
cranial gunshot wound will die before arrival to the hospital. In victims that survive the initial stage, up to 50% may
face death in the emergency room.
After stabilising the patient’s blood pressure and their oxygen levels, a computerised tomography (CT) scan
is taken to get vision of the damage. Damage can be caused from the bullet entry, its pathway, bullet fragmentation,
and its exit. The caliber of the bullet, the weapon from which it was fired, as well as the distance between the gun and
the victim at the time of firing all play a vital role in the damage caused in the patient.